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Hypertension is all about high blood pressure. When blood flow resists because of narrow arteries it causes the blood pressure to get higher. This further brings health issues like heart disease.

Is early detection or diagnosis of hypertension important?

Yes, it is! Because it allows you to keep a check on your blood pressure readings and you can take the required measures. If your blood pressure tends to remain high then your doctor will examine you for weeks and will see if still it remains higher. It will be wise to keep your blood pressure checked in routine.

Hypertension is a silent giant

It is said to be a silent giant because there are many patients who don’t come up with any obvious signs and it takes sometimes decades for hypertension to reveal its severity.

In case someone’s blood pressure remains high then your doctor can direct you for some further tests in order to figure out the root cause. Your cholesterol screening will be done in this regard; for heart EKG and ECG can be done. Your doctor can recommend you an ultrasound of the kidneys.

Some of the symptoms of hypertension

  • Drowsiness
  • Flushing
  • Blood spots in eyes

Hypertension is of two types

  1. Primary hypertension
  2. Secondary tension

Primary hypertension:

The majority of people suffer from primary hypertension that builds up over time. The following factors could be the reasons for this type of hypertension:

  • Genes and age

Sometimes it’s because of genetic abnormalities that are inherited from ancestors. Age factor is another reason; people over the age of 65 are more likely to get primary hypertension.

  • Obesity

Obesity invites many health problems that include cardiac issues and hypertension

  • Excessive consumption of alcohol

Taking alcohol excessively increases the risk of hypertension.

  • Diabetic patients and people with metabolic syndromeΒ 

People who are diabetic and who have metabolic syndrome are more likely to go through hypertension.

Secondary hypertension:

The factors that play a role in secondary hypertension include:

  • Thyroid problem

Thyroid problems can lead to hypertension, individuals with thyroid problems are more inclined to go through hypertension.

  • Kidney disease

Kidney disease sometimes becomes the cause of getting secondary hypertension.

  • Obstructive sleep apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea has a greater chance to trigger hypertension and heart problems.

  • Side effects of some medicines

Using some of the medicines for a long period of time can result in hypertension as a side effect of certain medicines.

Other possible health conditions include endocrine tumors and adrenal gland problems. The consumption of illegal drugs increases the risk of hypertension.

Some useful tips for preventing hypertension

There are some ways to stay away from hypertension, first of all, you need to mend your lifestyle. Adopt a healthier one. Discourage all the factors that can lead to an unhealthy life. Try quitting smoking periodically because smoking has the worst effects on health.

Encourage and adopt physical activity such as doing a little workout and going for a walk on daily basis.

Consume healthy diet

A heart-healthy diet that you can nosh on includes:

  • Vegetables
  • Whole grains
  • Lean protein (you can take them in form of fish)
  • Fruits

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